How to Access Files on DigitalOcean Spaces from Droplets via CLI
Object Storage like DigitalOcean Spaces are very powerful. However, being an external service also comes with its share of inconvenience.
What if I told you that we can interact with it like a local directory if we just mount it to our droplets? Here's how.
1. Install S3FS FUSE
The good thing about DigitalOcean Space is that it is S3-compatible. This enables a lot of S3 tools support out of the box. One fantastic tool we'll use here is s3fs.
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install s3fs
Once that is done, let's setup your DigitalOcean Space credentials:
echo <space_key>:<space_token> > ~/.passwd-s3fs chmod 600 ~/.passwd-s3fs
2. Managing User Permissions
By default, DigitalOcean Space is mounted for root user. Because of that, any files or folders that are created via the web control panel is not accessible by non-root users after it's mounted, which is not ideal.
To make sure that we can access it via a non-root user, we need to update the config file:
sudo nano /etc/fuse.conf
Uncomment the part that says:
Next, find out your user's details by typing the following command:
You'll see an output like this:
uid=1000(forge) gid=1000(forge) groups=1000(forge)…
In thise case, my user is
forge, so I've noted down the
gid of the user for the next step.
3. Mount DigitalOcean Space
First, make a mounting folder:
Then, let's mount the Space to our new folder:
s3fs <space_name> <folder> -o url=https://<url>.digitaloceanspaces.com -o use_cache=/tmp -o allow_other -o use_path_request_style -o uid=<uid> -o gid=<gid>
Or if you want to mount a subfolder instead of the whole DO Space, you can do the following:
s3fs <space_name>:/<space_folder> <folder> -o url=https://<url>.digitaloceanspaces.com -o use_cache=/tmp -o allow_other -o use_path_request_style -o uid=<uid> -o gid=<gid>
Now you should be able to do the usual stuff like
cp files etc like it's inside the local harddisk. <3
And if you ever need to unmount the Space, it's also very easy:
fusermount -u <folder>
That's it! Now you can manage your DigitalOcean Spaces just like a local directory.